Facts at a Glance
British Embassy, Washington, 12/5/2020
Population (2006): 5.1 million
Area: 78,132 sq km (30,414 sq miles)
Capital city: Edinburgh
People: Traditionally Celts, Anglo-Saxons, however Scotland is now a multi-racial country.
Language: Traditionally English, Gaelic, Scots, however Scotland is now a multi-racial country.
National day: St Andrew’s Day (November 30th)
Flag: St. Andrew's Cross - the "Saltire"
Government: Parliamentary democracy
Head of State: HM Queen Elizabeth II
First Minister of the Scottish Executive: Alex Salmond
Secretary of State for Scotland (minister responsible for Scotland in the UK cabinet): Des Brown
GDP: £86,324 million ($176 million) (2005 figures)
GDP per head: £16,944 ($34,667) (2005 figures)
Major industries: engineering; biotechnology; financial services; oil and gas; tourism; research and development; creative industries
Major trading partners: European Union and USA
Member of European Union: yes
Member of European Single currency: no